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Contemporary Leadership Theories


An authentic leader is dedicated to self-awareness and seeks to exhibit the desirable qualities of a leader. These qualities are those that followers should associate with and emulate while developing in crucial personal aspects. These leaders exhibit their authentic selves and integrate this into every aspect of their lives (Buchbinder & Shanks, 2017). They have a comprehensive understanding of what motivates them, what values guide them, and which values they dislike. These leaders build a strong support team to ensure that the authentic values are resilient and well-integrated.

Spiritual Leadership

Spiritual leaders challenge followers to examine their internal belief systems to find meaning in their various responsibilities. Finding meaning in their jobs ensures that healthcare workers have sufficient reasons to perform their duties and sufficient intrinsic drive. Spiritual leaders dare the practice, encourage a common dream, empower others to act, model the approach, and inspire the heart (Buchbinder & Shanks, 2017). Spiritual leaders believe that the functional performance of a healthcare worker is grounded in personal devotion and conviction to duty. Harnessing the personal commitments of each follower is essential in ensuring that the shared vision is attained.

Servant Leadership

Servant leadership emphasizes on the creation of valued outcomes for multiple stakeholders to ensure mutual satisfaction and achievement. This model relies on persuasion rather than positional authority to guarantee the achievement of various organizational goals. A servant leader is resilient in creating collaboration between the various sectors and departments of the healthcare environment to ensure that objectives are achieved (Buchbinder & Shanks, 2017). A servant leader gives credit to followers generously and is sensitive to factors that motivate all individuals. These leaders are ardent on breaking down the organizational hierarchy barriers to enable the formation of a harmonious working environment.


All Three Models

All three contemporary leadership models focus on moral or ethical behavior that is uniquely promoted by each. They all emphasize the importance of good personal values and the overriding impact of these collective behaviors. These three theories insist on vital values such as cooperation, focus, motivation, and efficient communication. The role of the values in ensuring healthcare is delivered to patients is invaluable as they help eliminate illness and restore health.

Spiritual versus Servant Leadership

Both spiritual and servant leadership pay keen attention to the welfare of the followers. These two types of leaders comprehend the position of the individual in any professional setup and healthcare. Both theories insist on the necessity of promoting the individual in the grand scheme of ensuring that institutional objectives are attained. The two models acknowledge that a flawed individual is the source of organizational failure.

Servant versus Authentic Leadership

Both servant and authentic leadership insist on the role of individual development by a leader. They both acknowledge that good leaders understand the needs, strengths, and weaknesses of their followers. The enhancement of the individual in both types of leadership, whether in a greater understanding of personal values or realization of full potential, is vital. The comprehension of self is a prerequisite for the understanding of the leader and their preferred model of guidance for institutional success.

Authentic versus Spiritual Leadership

Both authentic and spiritual leadership insist on moral consistency and elevate the position of good moral standing. They both require leaders to inspire their followers to evaluate their moral beliefs and inspire collective organizational morals. Organizational morals should reflect institutional values and beliefs. Additionally, the morals settled on must also intertwine the individual beliefs of the members. A leader must be capable of ensuring their followers subscribe to the organizational morals for a shared vision and success.

Venn diagram
Venn diagram.


Buchbinder, S. B., & Shanks, N. H. (2017). Introduction to health care management. (3rd ed.). Jones & Bartlett Learning.

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