Free Essays on Business, Management & Finance

Essay4Business offers a selection of business essays and other types of papers for high school, college and university students. You are free to use them for research purposes.

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Challenges of Rural Schools: HR Strategies

Information on administrative activities in rural schools reveals the current problems of education reforms. An interview with the Human Resource Manager (HRM) revealed that organizational…
Topic: Management Words: 553 Pages: 2

Power Bases Within an Organization

In the modern business world, the concept of power plays a critical role. According to Uhl-Bien, Schermerhorn, and Osborn (2014), power is defined as the…
Topic: Management Words: 150 Pages: 1

Components of Management Practices

Introduction Management is very important in every organization since it is the main determinant of a firm’s success. The management practices are ways in which…
Topic: Management Words: 674 Pages: 2

Activity-Based Management: Origin and Using

Introduction Activity based management (ABM) may be described as a system that embraces and implements the application of costs on activities and processes in an…
Topic: Management Words: 770 Pages: 2

Verizon Wireless Employees’ Job Satisfaction

In a market economy, the competitiveness of enterprises and the feasibility of their activities in the future is based primarily on the effectiveness of their…
Topic: Case Study Words: 643 Pages: 2

Staffing and Individual Payment Details

The company makes payments to its employees twice a month in the periods from 1 to 16, and from 26 to 30. However, individual payment…
Topic: Case Study Words: 576 Pages: 2

Leadership Development in Human Resource Management

Introduction Leadership development in terms of human resource (HR) management is a fundamental approach to promote the economic performance of a particular enterprise. Within a…
Topic: Employees Management Words: 560 Pages: 2

Xator Corporation: Gemba Walk

Xator Corporation provides services on innovative security solutions in various areas: cybersecurity, national security, critical infrastructure protection, and many others. The corporation’s mission is to…
Topic: Management Words: 588 Pages: 2

Discovering the Potential in Nursing Leadership

Abstract Understanding oneself is essential in order to evaluate the real leader underlying within. It is the leader’s behavior that reflects the magnitude of leadership.…
Topic: Leadership Styles Words: 1622 Pages: 5

Fiedler’s Contingency Theory and Leadership

Introduction The issue of effective leadership has been an area of intense interest for researchers on a global level. At the same time, health care…
Topic: Leadership Styles Words: 952 Pages: 3

SWOT Analysis. Business Basics

Every company at some point in development requires an assessment of its future strategies. Strategic management is a type of planning that allows developing a…
Topic: Strategy Words: 387 Pages: 1

Moving In Ltd.: Project Initiation

Purpose of Document This document is about a new plan for the renovation of the new premises for Moving In Ltd. The document outlines the…
Topic: Management Words: 1722 Pages: 4

McDonald’s Company: Practical SWOT Analysis

Introduction The purpose of this paper is to create a SWOT analysis of the McDonald’s corporation. McDonald’s is a popular quick-service food chain selling burgers,…
Topic: Strategy Words: 1142 Pages: 4

Personal Development Plan: SWOT Analysis

Strengths As a leader, I manage time efficiently and encourage my colleagues to do so. I am a good listener, communicator, and problem-solver. These attributes…
Topic: Leadership Styles Words: 530 Pages: 2

Wal-Mart Stores Inc.: The SWOT Analysis

Introduction Wal-Mart Stores Inc. is the second largest retail business in the world, “serving over 200 million customers and members/week at more than 8,613 retail…
Topic: Management Words: 685 Pages: 2

Colgate-Palmolive Company: SWOT Analysis

Introduction Colgate-Palmolive (CP) is a multinational publicly-traded company headquartered in the United States. Its axes of activities include the distribution and production of dental care…
Topic: Company Analysis Words: 609 Pages: 2

Individual Differences and Their Major Factors

Introduction It is evident that there are individual differences that affect people in the workplace and these differences affect organizational performance. For organizations to remain…
Topic: Employees Management Words: 787 Pages: 2

Human Resource Management Competencies

Introduction For any organization the most important aspect is the people working with them, who contribute to the achievements of the organization. And it is…
Topic: Employees Management Words: 671 Pages: 2

Motivation Theory Assignment

Introduction Need Theory developed by David McClelland stands out among a relatively large number of different motivation theories. It describes the influence of human needs,…
Topic: Employees Management Words: 405 Pages: 1

Real Estate Fund Management Issues and Changes

Introduction Since 2007, the real estate market has experienced unprecedented conditions characterized by busts and booms. The market volatility and liquidity crisis resulting from the…
Topic: Investment Words: 2489 Pages: 9

Bonds: History, Features and Types

History of Bonds and when they came into Play Generally speaking, bonds are loans given to the same entity (mostly the central government) where each…
Topic: Investment Words: 3154 Pages: 10

Analyzing Ford Motor Company

Balance Sheet It is not difficult to imagine the volume of financial transactions at large enterprises daily. In order to implement proper economic policy, competent…
Topic: Company Analysis Words: 603 Pages: 2

The Real Estate Investing Segment

Introduction Investing in real estate has, over the years, become a very common feature in today’s economy which seems to be degrading every day. Buying…
Topic: Investment Words: 867 Pages: 3

The Statement of Cashflows for Hydrogenics Corp

Introduction Reviewing the Statement of Cashflows for Hydrogenics Corp, each section of the cash flow statement can be discussed. It can be stated that Hydrogenics…
Topic: Finance Words: 367 Pages: 1

Unethical Behavior in Accounting

Accounting can be described as methodical recording, reporting, and examination of financial transactions of a business or an organization (Duska, 2011). Accounting mechanisms provide investors…
Topic: Accounting Words: 595 Pages: 2

IFRS Adoption: Some General Issues to Remember

The differences and similarities between United States’ Generally Accepted Accounting Principles (GAAP) and International Financial Reporting Standards (IFRS) have dominated discussions. Most of these discussions…
Topic: Accounting Words: 549 Pages: 2

Apple Incorporation’s Sales Expansion

Apple Inc. is an international company that is based in Cupertino, California. It specializes in consumer electronics, online services, and computer software and is considered…
Topic: Company Analysis Words: 194 Pages: 2

Fitness Facility Evaluation: “Fitness Results”

Nowadays, inclusive behavior towards the decrease in the number of people being discriminated against due to their age, race, or physical characteristics, has become a…
Topic: Company Analysis Words: 600 Pages: 2

A Diversified Investment Portfolio

Introduction A well diversified portfolio is a kind of investment that has spread its securities and clearly approximates the systematic risk of the market and…
Topic: Investment Words: 3720 Pages: 8

Portfolio Protection using Options

Introduction The swings in the market often expose investors to risk of loss. Some of these exposures necessitate investors to protect their portfolios with an…
Topic: Investment Words: 857 Pages: 3

Time to Maturity and Yield To Maturity of Bonds

Data The paper seeks to evaluate the relationship between time to maturity and yield to maturity of bonds. In order to achieve this, data for…
Topic: Investment Words: 849 Pages: 3

Modern Portfolio Theory Description and Aims

Introduction Harry Max Markowitz is today considered as one of the most prominent American economists. This is because he conducted critical research that transformed the…
Topic: Investment Words: 2607 Pages: 8

Calculation Factors of Moma Monaz

Moma Monaz’s primary source of revenue is the sale of food and beverages to customers. It will constitute nearly the entirety of the restaurant’s earnings,…
Topic: Case Study Words: 573 Pages: 10

External Audit: Business Continuity Issues

According to Home Retail Group plc (2011), the half-year results reflected a six percent drop in sales compared to the previous year. Fall in sales…
Topic: Accounting Words: 570 Pages: 3

External Audit: Risk-Based Approach

The audit approach which will be used in Auditing Home Retail Group plc is risk-based. Some of the risks in this particular case will be…
Topic: Accounting Words: 631 Pages: 3

Hewlett Packard Enterprise: Company Analysis

The Hewlett Packard Enterprise’s (HPE) latest fiscal year report provides substantial information about the financial results and their implications for the future of the company.…
Topic: Company Analysis Words: 661 Pages: 2

Premium Coles Jewellery: The Profit Margins

Situation and Endeavour Premium Coles Jewellery has experienced a decline in profit margins. The main cause of decline in profit margins is the constant price…
Topic: Company Analysis Words: 647 Pages: 2

Accounting Harmonization and Globalization

Introduction At the beginning of the 21st century, accounting requires changes and improvements in its standards and principles. The cost of applying standards for financial…
Topic: Accounting Words: 565 Pages: 3

Journal Entry Adjustments

When it comes to journal entries in the accounting sphere, there are four adjustments. They have accrued income, accrued expense, deferred income, and deferred expense.…
Topic: Accounting Words: 282 Pages: 1

Analyzing Dividend Policies of Different Companies

Introduction Evaluation of the dividend policy of a company is significant because it provides a better understanding of the financial performance of the company. In…
Topic: Investment Words: 870 Pages: 3

Comparing Reinvestment Risk and Interest Rate Risk

Reinvestment Risk An investor faces reinvestment risk because of investing in a particular market. It affects all the stock in the market regardless of company…
Topic: Investment Words: 569 Pages: 3

Investment Analysis Paper on Starbucks Corporation

It is the utmost responsibility of the company’s board of directors to ensure that management formulates decisions and strategies that create value for its shareholders.…
Topic: Investment Words: 595 Pages: 2

Investing in the Furniture Business

Introduction The report focuses on the furniture industry. The report aims to present the reasons for investing in one preferred furniture entity. The presentation includes…
Topic: Investment Words: 2436 Pages: 7

Capital Budgeting: The Net Present Value Method

Capital Budgeting Practice Problems The projects Net present value with various discount rates will be as follows: Rate NPV 0% $ 670,000 2% $ 614,353…
Topic: Investment Words: 524 Pages: 2

Dales Foods Plc.’s Investment Appraisal

Introduction Change and development is a process that successful companies continuously engage in. different proposals are continuously presented to the management. Proposals range from new…
Topic: Investment Words: 2262 Pages: 9

Shareholders’ Equity: Share Buy Backs

Introduction Share buyback is the process by which the company reacquires part of the shares it had previously issued. The process basically entails exchanging money…
Topic: Investment Words: 1307 Pages: 4

Cost of Capital and the Transportation Cost

In order to appreciate the transportation cost of capital, it is important to understand what the cost of capital is and the elements that constitute…
Topic: Investment Words: 568 Pages: 2

Capital Asset Pricing Model and Equity Financing

CAMP It is important to note the fact that each theory has its advantages and disadvantages. The main strength of the capital asset pricing model…
Topic: Accounting Words: 356 Pages: 1

Reporting: Generally Accepted Accounting Principles

In most cases, companies’ financial statements are subject to mandatory audits, but an inspection cannot guarantee that the reporting data is not falsified. As a…
Topic: Accounting Words: 566 Pages: 2

Personal Finance: The Basics of Investing

Many people are known to have got great earnings in their lives and ended up poor in their late ages. Acquisition of financial freedom does…
Topic: Investment Words: 1320 Pages: 5

The Concepts of Hedging: Origins & Approaches

Introduction Business investments usually undergo many fluctuations caused by changes in financial prices and market demands. Common examples of financial prices include interest and exchange…
Topic: Investment Words: 1727 Pages: 5

Bonds: Term Definition

Introduction Bonds are fixed-income securities having long-term yields. Bonds are of two types: government bonds and corporate bonds. Bond valuation is easier than stock valuation…
Topic: Investment Words: 1264 Pages: 3

Investment Strategy: Securities and Risks

Introduction In selecting the investment to be made by an investor, a number of issues will be considered such as risks, returns long term requirement…
Topic: Investment Words: 821 Pages: 3

Investment Strategy: Active vs. Passive Investing

Introduction In selecting the best investment strategy number of factors will be taken into consideration. One of the critical factors that will be taken into…
Topic: Investment Words: 856 Pages: 3

Investment of Money Inheritance: A Proposal

Outline This is a research paper offering an investment proposal that also explains and describes the various opportunities available to a person namely Beatrix. Beatrix…
Topic: Investment Words: 1235 Pages: 3

Investments in Oil and Gas Sector

Introduction It is seen that many countries in the world have rich and abundant deposits of oil and gas, but their domestic infrastructure, due to…
Topic: Investment Words: 3364 Pages: 12

Long Tem Investment Overview and Analysis

Summary This essay considers various aspects of individual long-term investments and provides comparative food for thought on issues surrounding the soundness of investments in different…
Topic: Investment Words: 3235 Pages: 11

Countering Veblen’s Understanding of Investment

It is impossible to imagine a modern economy without investments. They constitute the essence of any development in the business, governmental, or financial sphere. However,…
Topic: Investment Words: 572 Pages: 2

Cuban and Buffett Investment Strategies

Introduction Investment strategy plays a critical role in the overall success of every business. Over the past years, both Warren Buffett and Mark Cuban have…
Topic: Investment Words: 820 Pages: 3

The Impact of Madoff Ponzi Scheme

The largest investment and financial scandals The Madoff Ponzi Scheme was one of the largest investment and financial scandals of U.S. history which came to…
Topic: Investment Words: 405 Pages: 1

Successful Management of Information

Introduction Every day a huge amount of information surrounds us, and sometimes it is difficult to select what is necessary from all this flow. Of…
Topic: Management Words: 308 Pages: 1

Wal-Mart Retail Chain Store’s Equity and Debt

Introduction Wal-Mart is the largest retail chain store in the USA. It consists of three segments – Wal-Mart US, International, and Sam’s Club. Wal-Mart has…
Topic: Case Study Words: 650 Pages: 2

The Goodyear Tire & Rubber Company

About the company The Goodyear Tire & Rubber Company is a public entity that operates in the manufacturing segment. Frank Seiberling founded the company in…
Topic: Company Information Words: 1114 Pages: 4

Alinma Bank’s Analysis in Saudi Arabia

Introduction Alinma Bank is a Saudi Arabian-based financial services company that was formed in 2008. The company is one of the smallest listed companies in…
Topic: Banking Words: 1201 Pages: 4

Leadership Styles by Elon Musk and Warren Buffet

Leader Motivation An engaged, motivated, and responsive workforce is more productive than unmotivated employees. When personnel is inspired, they are likely to work harder to…
Topic: Leadership Styles Words: 824 Pages: 3

Financial Manager Value and Meaning

A financial manager can look at different ratios and financial statements to determine if the business is successful or in distress. However, there are some…
Topic: Management Words: 287 Pages: 1

Joy Daycare Marketing Plan

Product and its primary characteristics Joy Daycare center offers full and part time day care services to toddlers between the ages of three to five…
Topic: Marketing Words: 604 Pages: 2

Arthur Andersen Company Case Study

The selected case for this analysis is “Arthur Andersen (A)” and it describes the challenges the accounting firm was facing after its relations with Enron…
Topic: Company Information Words: 1106 Pages: 4

How is e-Business Shaping the Market

Research Question What are the current trends that e-business sets, and how do these trends affect the global market? Thesis Statement E-business radically shapes the…
Topic: E-Commerce Words: 901 Pages: 3

Comparison Between EU-US Tax Treaty Networks

Introduction As a result of global trade, taxes have turned out to be a key issue of concern. Founded upon the overwhelming latent for double…
Topic: Taxation Words: 2768 Pages: 10

Ethical Responsibilities in Tax Practice

Introduction Best practices guidelines allow tax practitioners to do the right thing for the clients and themselves as a way to avoid the penalties and…
Topic: Taxation Words: 1661 Pages: 6

Federal and State Health Promotion Laws

Affordable Care Act The Affordable Care Act is a federal public health law aimed at empowering consumers with stability and flexibility of making informed choices.…
Topic: Case Study Words: 604 Pages: 2

The Advantages of Using the Internet

The Internet proposes many advantages for users and businesses connecting people with resources. The internet bound to a traditional physical form such as a book…
Topic: Decision Making Words: 830 Pages: 3

How the Sarbanes-Oxley Relates to Internal Control

‘Sarbanes-Oxley act’ (SOx) was endorsed in 2002 in the US, to address the limitations that came about with internal control rules (Moeller 57). It was…
Topic: Accounting Words: 597 Pages: 2

Broadbanding: Various Opportunities to Businesses

Organizations tend to use different salary structures depending on their size, available resources, the industries they operate in, and other factors. Monetary reward is one…
Topic: Marketing Words: 571 Pages: 2

Interpersonal Communication at the Workplace

As the name implies, interpersonal communication is an exchange of information that takes place between people. Whenever two or more people talk, send each other…
Topic: Business Communication Words: 349 Pages: 2

Strategies for International Markets

The development of foreign markets opens opportunities to increase revenues, profits, and long-term growth. This option is especially attractive in cases when the country’s domestic…
Topic: Strategy Words: 876 Pages: 3

How Marketers Shape Consumer Wants and Must-Haves

Definitions Nowadays, marketing is one of the essential parts of developing a product that will be both revenue-producing and highly scalable. Marketing is defined as…
Topic: Marketing Words: 336 Pages: 1

Analysis of General Electric’s Accounting

Introduction The comparative horizontal analysis will be used to analyze the Accounts of General Electric’s Company. This technique requires at least two consecutive periods of…
Topic: Accounting Words: 588 Pages: 2

Implication of Globalization: Samsung and Apple Dispute

Introduction The smartphone industry is one of the most rapidly developing fields, and this fact inevitably leads to the emergence of conflicts between prominent companies.…
Topic: Globalization Words: 1103 Pages: 4

Lululemon: Finance for Managers

A recent report indicates that Lululemon had a strong start to the current year before Coronavirus forced its stores in the US and Europe to…
Topic: Company Analysis Words: 757 Pages: 3

Decision Making and Business Law – Changes

The problem of effectively integrating sound decisions in a business environment is a reality many corporate managers have to live with. Often, the media reports…
Topic: Decision Making Words: 677 Pages: 2

Consultant’s Report for a Grocery Store

Introduction Grocery stores are mainly found in residential areas and they are particularly useful for individuals who love to cook their own meals and who…
Topic: Industry Words: 889 Pages: 3

Nike and Global Stratification

Introduction In search of profit maximization and expenditure cuts, many multinational corporations outsource their operations to third-world countries. This outsourcing contributes to global stratification significantly…
Topic: Globalization Words: 533 Pages: 2