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Workplace Violence Effects and Preventive Measures

Thesis Statement: Employers and employees at all levels are becoming increasingly concerned about the rise in workplace violence and attempting to uncover possible preventive measures, including interventions and online tools, to create a safe working environment.

Gadegaard, C. A., Andersen, L. P., & Hogh, A. (2018). Effects of violence prevention behavior on exposure to workplace violence and threats: A follow-up study. Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 33(7), 1096-1117. Web.

Researchers in psychiatry, special education, elder care, and prisons and probations examined the link between workplace violence and threats. In prison and probation services, elderly care, and psychiatry, preventive behaviors are strongly linked to self-reported exposure to workplace violence and threats, but not in special schools. According to the findings, the effectiveness of violence prevention measures varies significantly by industry. Multisector analysis suggests that only top management can prevent frequent violence and threats. This study adds to the body of knowledge by examining several high-risk sectors over several years with a reasonable rate of participant participation. Top management, supervisors, and coworkers should emphasize violence prevention behaviors in high-risk areas of human service work. It is critical to look at how often workplace violence occurs and the industry in which it occurs. It gives the industrial scope and perspective on related violence and workplace incidences, which provides a wide source of studying the topics scope. This source is credible as it is taken from a peer-reviewed journal focused on interpersonal violence. Furthermore, the source is recent, hence the study is a temporally relevant one.

Martinez, A. J. S. (2016). Managing workplace violence with evidence-based interventions: A literature review. Journal of Psychosocial Nursing and Mental Health Services, 54(9), 31-36. Web.

Nurses and other healthcare professionals must deal with the persistent problem of violence in the workplace daily, and they are not alone. It is common for patients to act aggressively toward nurses in clinical settings, particularly in emergency rooms, psychiatric wards, and long-term care facilities. According to recent research, the most significant predictors of patient-initiated violence in the workplace are factors related to staff, the environment, and the patients themselves. Staff members in the nursing profession are frequently left with long-lasting physical and mental scars resulting from incidents of workplace violence. It provides much reources for understanding the health and professional nursing practices and workplace violence in the related situational contexts. This source is credible as it is taken from a peer-reviewed nursing and mental health journal. Furthermore, it discusses evidence-based interventions, hence it is objective.

Nikathil, S., Olaussen, A., Gocentas, R. A., Symons, E., & Mitra, B. (2017). Workplace violence in the emergency department: A systematic review and meta-analysis. Emergency Medicine Australasia, 29(3), 265-275. Web.

Patients and visitors to the ED frequently commit workplace violence (WPV). There is no standard definition or way to record violence. EMTs are often reluctant to report violent incidents. So no one knows how common WPV is. This study’s goal was to assess WPV in EDs. The effects of WPV and drugs and alcohol were studied. The MEDLINE and Cochrane databases were searched until March 10, 2016. ED, violence, and aggression were merged. The ED had a higher percentage of violent patients.

Other studies looked at the rate of patients abusing alcohol or drugs. The search returned 8720 results, with seven thousand two hundred thirty-five being unique and had to pass abstract screening to be considered. Twenty-two studies met the criteria, with most studies looking backward at security logs and incident reports. Individual study violence rates ranged from one to 172 per 10,000 presentations. According to the combined data, 36 violent patients per 10,000 ED visits, which impact on the methods, definitions, and study rates to vary. Standardizing data collection and reporting may help prevent and manage strategies. The data from the study proves to be useful resource in the whole study progression in analyzing standard practices in ensuring security checks and enforcement strategies to reduce workplace activities. This source is credible as it is taken from a peer-reviewed medical journal. Although it is not based in the US, it is still relevant as it is a recent study on a wide demographic.

Palma, A., Ansoleaga, E., & Ahumada, M. (2018). Workplace violence among health care workers. Revista Medica de Chile, 146(2), 213-222. Web.

To describe and analyze scientific reports on occupational violence in the health care field, the purpose of this review is to use academic search complete (EBSCO Host), Medline, PubMed, Scielo, Scopus, and Web of Science, 23 articles were selected for analysis. Almost all workplace violence research is quantitative, looking at how often and how severe it is, as well as the harm it causes. These studies primarily focus on psychological and physical violence, mainly involve hospital workers as their primary subjects. Violent behavior is often traced back to the structure of an organization.

Occupational factors are the most frequently cited as contributing to workplace violence, but research on the impact of mental health is also a popular topic. It is common to suffer from depression, PTSD, and work-related stress due to this condition. One’s workplace and profession influence the nature of one’s work as a facilitator. Numerous studies combine stratum samples with single stratum samples of worker attributes from different services. However, studies in psychiatric services and with nursing staff are also common. The articles will enhance the academic discipline of using online search sources in analyzing and researching on the activities that are related to the topic of interest. This source is credible since it is taken from a peer-reviewed medical journal. Although this study was not done in the US, it is recent and conducted on a large demographic.

Pihl-Thingvad, J., Elklit, A., Brandt, L. P. A., & Andersen, L. L. (2019). Workplace violence and development of burnout symptoms: A prospective cohort study on 1823 social educators. International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health, 92(6), 843-853. Web.

Longitudinal studies that use sound methods with adequate sample sizes are lacking in the research on burnout and WPV (workplace violence). The study’s goal is to see if a year of exposure to WPV increases the symptoms of burnout. In addition to monthly text message surveys on WPV exposure, 1823 social educators were surveyed at baseline and 12-month follow-up. The authors used general linear modeling for repeated measurements in three WPV exposure groups to estimate the evolution of burnout symptoms over time (none, low, high). Burnout may occur due to too much time spent interacting with workplace violence. Those who had only been exposed to low levels of exposure had a much higher burnout rate. At follow-up, both the low and high exposure groups had significantly higher levels of burnout than the non-exposed. There is an increase in burnout after one year of exposure to violence in the workplace setting.

The research suggests that studies of burnout should use instruments that can detect even the tiniest of adjustments in the future. In addition, the authors believe that monitoring employees who have been exposed to WPV could help prevent employee burnout. The study research provisions are useful for a deep insight into the relation between burnout and workplace violence in the various scopes. This source is credible as it is taken from a peer-reviewed occupational and environmental health journal. Furthermore, since this paper was published in an international journal, it is applicable and relevant.

Rasool, S. F., Wang, M., Zhang, Y., & Samma, M. (2020). Sustainable work performance: The roles of workplace violence and occupational stress. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 17(3), 912. Web.

The focus of the study is to impact on long-term productivity. The probe included workplace bullying, mobbing, ostracism, and stalking. For this report, researchers collected data from 15 hospitals near Karachi, Lahore, and Islamabad. Researchers wanted to learn more about doctors, nurses, and paramedics’ experiences and perspectives. 500 surveys were sent to the target market. Three hundred forty-five usable questionnaires got responses. Indirect factors were studied using partial least squares structural equation modeling. This study found that workplace violence harms both direct and indirect relationships. Here are some of the study’s findings: Harassment directly affects employee morale and output. Third, workplace ostracism reduces employee and organizational motivation, lowering productivity. A fourth reason is the stigma of workplace stress, since employees who are happy and healthy perform better. Employers must create a friendly workplace for their employees. The research article gained from the results of the study to wide range of application in conceptualizing the scopes between stress at the workplace environment and related violence activities. This source is credible as it is taken from a peer-reviewed journal focused on public health. Moreover, it is a recently published paper and it was published in an internationally accepted database, making it accessible and relevant.

Ricciardelli, R., Power, N., & Medeiros, D. S. (2018). Correctional officers in Canada: Interpreting workplace violence. Criminal Justice Review, 43(4), 458-476. Web.

When there is the possibility of violence in prison, it impacts correctional officers (COs).. It is hypothesized that workplace violence in caring and service occupations is caused by theoretical insights from the literature on workplace violence in the care and service industries. COs can carry out their daily tasks and manage inmates’ reactions to worsening prison conditions in the face of increasingly difficult circumstances because of the emotional labor they put in. While prison conditions are frequently blamed for inflicting violence on inmates, workplace violence is commonly accepted as a “natural” part of the process of performing one’s job duties by office managers and employees. It helps to gain an insight into prison activities and how workplace violence affects prisoners and personnel at different levels and occupations. This source is credible as it is taken from a peer-reviewed journal focused on criminal justice. While the study is not based in the US, it is relevant to the research anyway. Furthermore, it is a recent study, and hence is applicable to the research question.

Scaramuzzino, G. (2020). Workplace violence: A threat to autonomy and professional discretion. Sociologisk Forskning, 57(3-4), 249-270. Web.

Although many studies have been conducted on workplace violence, no one knows how much fear of workplace violence affects people’s ability to exercise their autonomy and professional discretion. The results of a survey of 1,236 Swedish social workers, teachers, and journalists were used to compare their experiences of workplace violence with those of others. The authors wanted to know whether workplace violence impacts the autonomy and professional discretion of these professional groups, and if so, how much of an impact it has. The researchers also wanted to know if workplace violence impacts these groups’ ability to participate in democratic processes. The findings showed significant differences in how and where threats are received by these professionals and the potentially life-threatening consequences of such threats. As many as 40% of those polled admitted that they had considered giving up their activism on a particular social issue because they were concerned about being subjected to hate speech and threats. The study analyses discretion and discrepancy scopes and how they are integrated into outcomes of perceptions and outcomes of workplace violence. This source is credible as it is taken from a peer-reviewed journal. Although it is not based in the US, it is relevant temporally, and contains unique research and conclusions.

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